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Western Painting – Art Brut – Beyond Boundaries
Art Brut-History Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985), a French painter and sculptor, invented the word Art Brut, which means ‘Rough Art’ or ‘Raw Art.’ ‘Outsider Art’ is the English synonym for Art Brut, devised by an art critic Roger Cardinal, in 1972. Jean was an avant-garde painter, who departed from the painting world for 17 years, from 1925 to 1942. Upon Jean’s return to painting, his focus and painting style had changed into one of the simple and prehistoric images. He switched his focus towards art drawn by children, the insane, and schizophrenics.Western Painting – Optical Art – Art of Illusion
Optical Art-Concept Time Magazine tossed the term Optical Art in October 1964, when they were referring to artistic illusions in Western Art, created by using mathematics and science. Optical Paintings are Abstract and appear to be moving, having hidden images, flashing, vibration, swelling, or warping, despite being static. This illusion happens because of the high density of repetitive lines, set in mathematical precision, in the purview of optical perception. Optical artworks cause a vibrating effect, owing to their confused background. In addition, an illusion of shadow and light is created with the help of mixed colors.Western Painting – Neo-Classicism and Its Mystic Magic
Neo-Classicism – The Concept Neo-Classicism is the tag given to a distinct Western Classical Artistic talents and cultural movements, evident in different art genres, such as decorative, literary, musical, visual art, theatre, etc. Neo-Classicism, a European style beginning in 1765 AD, was very prominent in the eighteenth & nineteenth centuries, and had Ancient Roman, Greek, & Renaissance Classist influences. In essence, Neo-Classicism was a creative counter to Baroque and Rococo.Western Painting – Mannerism – The Developed Form of Fine Artistry
Mannerism-The History The word ‘Mannerism’ was inspired from the Italian word ‘maniera,’ meaning stylishness. Art critic Giorgio Vasari first used the word ‘Mannerism’ to describe the individual techniques and personal stylization of various artists in their art. Mannerism was a very distinct art style, which gained prominence in the early 16th century. It bridged the gap between the great ‘High Renaissance’ era and the ‘Baroque’ style art of the 17th century. Mannerism was born in artistically high Italian cities, such as Florence or Rome. It later spread its wings in the entire Europe.Western Painting – The Movement in Western Art – Lyrical Abstraction
History Lyrical Abstraction refers to Post-war Modernist term, often used interchangeably with Art Informel and Abstract Expressionism that grew in Europe, precisely in France, in 1945 and lasted up to around late 1957. In 1946, a French art critic Charles Estienne formally coined the term ‘Lyrical Abstraction.’ In America, Lyrical Abstraction was a movement described by Larry Aldrich in 1969. The name ‘Tachisme’ was also used to depict this movement.